Legend Steps Down Today: Larger than life, tough, and feared by the state’s most vicious drug dealers and pornographers – and yes – even controversial – We honor U.S. District Court Judge Robert Holmes Bell – We Bring You His Honor’s Final Sentencings

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As unusual and independent as the Upper Peninsula where he ruled with an iron fist for 3 decades – Today and Tomorrow are Officially The Final Days for His Honor – The Honorable U.S. District Court Judge Robert Holmes Bell

Plus we hope to hear today about the future of Eastern District of Michigan Federal Prosecutor Barbara McQuade

A new top federal prosecutor took the helm last week in the U.P. area and western half of the Lower Peninsula – The new top cop for the U.P. is Acting U.S. Attorney Andrew Birge, who took over last week after the resignation/step-down of  U.S. Attorney Patrick A. Miles, Jr.  (all just an expected big federal shakeup with a new president from different party)

“The diversion of firearms for unlawful purposes or to those who cannot legally possess them endangers each and every member of our society,” said Federal Judge Robert Holmes Bell at his final sentencing on Thursday

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The honorable 72-year-old U.S. District Court Judge Robert Holmes Bell held his final sentencings last week.

This Judge’s judge naturally Command’s Respect (Reminds This Reporter of the Non-Nonsense, Order-In-The-Court, Hang ‘Em High, The Triple A Himself – The Late Great Federal – U.S. District Court Judge Anthony A. Alaimo in Georgia).

Like all federal judges in Michigan, Judge Bell’s impact was profound on every northern Michigan Indian Nation – whether it was tribal domestic violence, or the Founder of American Tribal Gambling Fred Dakota, or the many civil cases.

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For Whom the Bell Tolls – To Prison

Dealing With An Armed Crack Dealer:

Dealt 12 years in federal prison by U.S. District Court Judge Robert Holmes Bell in one of his final sentencings last week

By Greg Peterson
U.P. Breaking News
Owner, News Director
906-273-2433

Federal Judge Robert Holmes Bell sent many heavily armed and murderous drug dealers, gangs, gun-runners and just plain bad people to prison  – from the Upper Peninsula and down to Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo and Benton Harbor.

In the federal system there is no parole, so when he sentences someone 20 or 30 years – that is what they serve.

Hey – Judge Bell even has a judge-looking appearance and official kind of name – just saying.

He was named (middle) after one of America’s most famous jurists.

There was even a brief filed last week with re-assignment of Judge Bell’s many criminal and civiol cases due to “Inactive senior status effective (tomorrow, Tuesday) January 31, 2017– in legal jargon – but it means retirement:

Judge Bell is scheduled to take inactive senior status effective January 31, 2017, and will be unavailable to conclude proceedings in these matter”


Judge Bell’s Second to Last Sentencing, followed by his final (scroll down to sees lots you do not expect):

Dealing With An Armed Crack Dealer:

Dealt 12 years in federal prison by U.S. District Court Judge Robert Holmes Bell in one of his final sentencings last week

By Greg Peterson

(Grand Rapids, MI) – Armed crack kingpin Calvin Veernell Dennis was sentenced to nearly 12 years (140 months) in federal prison by U.S. District Court Judge Robert Holmes Bell on Tues., Jan. 24, 2016 – the latest in numerous Michigan drug traffickers getting stiff prison terms

The decade plus in prison will be followed by three years supervised release

Calvin Veernell Dennis admitted being a highly armed cocaine trafficker and convicted felon in Kent County, MI.

Dennis pleaded guilty to felon in possession of firearms and possession of firearms in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime.

Colt Agent .38 revolver (Serial No. M53914) and 21 rounds of Winchester .38 spl. caliber ammunition

M-11, 9mm Cobroyo semiautomatic pistol and 60 rounds of 9mm ammunition

Smith and Wesson, model SW40VE, .40 caliber semiautomatic pistol (Serial No. RAY4273) and 20 rounds of Winchester .40 caliber ammunition

Tanfoglio, model TZ75, 9mm semiautomatic pistol (Serial No. H00704) and 16 rounds of Winchester Luger and Hornady 9mm ammunition

Rock River Arms, LAR 15, 5.56 caliber rifle (Serial No. CM179750) and 50 rounds of Remington .223 caliber ammunition

660 rounds of 7.62 caliber ammunition.

Case Summary

1:16-cr-00098-RHB All Defendants USA v. Dennis

Date filed: 05/25/2016

Date terminated: 01/24/2017

Calvin Veernell Dennis

Filed: 05/25/2016

Kent County, MI

Count: 1 citation: 18:922g.f offense level: 4 18:922(g)(1), 18:921(a), 18:924(a)(2)

Unlawful transport of firearms, etc.; felon in possession of firearms

Count: 2 citation: 18:922g.f offense level: 4 18:922(g)(1), 18:921(a), 18:924(a)(2)

Unlawful transport of firearms, etc.; felon in possession of ammunition

Count: 3 citation: 21:841a=nd.f offense level: 4 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(c)

Narcotics – sell, distribute, or dispense; possession with intent to distribute cocaine base

Count: 4 citation: 18:924c.f offense level: 4 18:924(c)(1)(a)(i), 21:841(a)(1)

Violent crime/drugs/machine gun; possession of firearms in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime

Defendant in Custody

Assistant U.S. Attorney Sally J. Berens

Phone: (616) 456-2404

Email: sally.berens@usdoj.gov

Assistant U.S. Attorney Joel S. Fauson

Phone: (616) 456-2404

Email: joel.fauson@usdoj.gov

Assistant U.S. Attorney Jennifer S. Murnahan

Phone: (616) 456-2404

Email: jennifer.murnahan@usdoj.gov

Assistant U.S. Attorney Alexis M. Sanford

Phone: (616) 456-2404

Email: alexis.sanford@usdoj.gov

——-


Judge Bell’s Final Sentencing:

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Thursday, January 26, 2017

Grand Rapids Man To Spend Five Years In Prison For Trafficking Firearms

GRAND RAPIDS, MICHIGAN – Donte Timothy Bacon, 31, of Grand Rapids, was sentenced to 60 months’ imprisonment, Acting U.S. Attorney Andrew Birge announced today.

In August, Bacon pled guilty to selling a firearm to a prohibited person and possession of a firearm with an obliterated serial number. Charles Lee Samuels, 28, earlier was sentenced to 18 months in prison for his lesser role in the crimes.

On five different occasions in August and September 2014, Bacon sold a firearm to a person who was not permitted to possess it under federal law. One of the firearms was sold with a high-capacity magazine. Two of those firearms had been purchased by Bacon and Samuels and were sold after Bacon removed the serial numbers. During the final transaction, Bacon and Samuels used a hand-grinder to remove the serial number at the time of sale.

In his final sentencing before retiring from the bench, U.S. District Judge Robert Holmes Bell observed the seriousness of trafficking firearms. Judge Bell ordered Bacon to serve three years of supervised release following his term of custody and expressed his hope that Bacon will return as a productive member to his community.

“The diversion of firearms for unlawful purposes or to those who cannot legally possess them endangers each and every member of our society,” said Acting U.S. Attorney Birge. “The U.S. Attorney’s Office will prosecute those who willfully circumvent federal firearms laws designed to protect the public.”

“Selling firearms to prohibited individuals contributes to the cycle of gun violence plaguing our neighborhoods,” said Special Agent in Charge Robin Shoemaker of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. “ATF will continue to use all available resources to put a stop to illegal gun sales. Let this conviction stand as a warning to others willing to put profit before public safety.”

The ATF conducted the investigation, with assistance from the Grand Rapids Police Department. Assistant U.S. Attorneys Justin M. Presant and Alexis M. Sanford prosecuted the case.

——-

Other federal court cases this past week you did not hear about:

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Five years in prison for coke/heroin dealer

Drug dealer Jamian Charles Pearce sentenced on Jan. 23, 2017 to five years (60 months) in federal prison by U.S. District Court Judge Paul L. Maloney for distributing heroin and cocaine in Kent County, MI in Feb. 2016.

After five years in prison, he will be on three years of supervised release.

On March 16, 2015, Muskegon County Law Enforcement arrested 32-year-old Jamian Charles Pearce for obstructing justice/probation violation in Muskegon, MI

Case Summary:

1:16-cr-00036-PLM-4 USA v. Hairston et al

Date filed: 02/25/2016

Date of last filing: 01/24/2017

Jamian Charles Pearce

Filed: 02/25/2016

Kent County, MI

Count: 1

Citation: 21:846=NP.F Offense Level: 4 21:846, 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(a)(i) and (ii), 21:841(b)(1)(c)

Conspiracy to possess narcotics; conspiracy to possess and distribute cocaine and heroin

Count: 3

citation: 21:846=np.f offense level: 4 21:846, 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(c), 18:2

Conspiracy to possess narcotics; attempted possession with intent to distribute cocaine

Count: 1s

citation: 21:846=nd.f offense level: 4 21:846, 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(a)(i) and (ii), 21:841(b)(1)(c)

Conspiracy to distribute narcotics; conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute cocaine and heroin

Count: 3s

citation: 21:846=nd.f offense level: 4 21:846, 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(c), 18:2

Conspiracy to distribute narcotics; attempted possession with intent to distribute cocaine

Count: 1ss

citation: 21:846=nd.f offense level: 4 21:846, 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(b)(ii)

Conspiracy to distribute narcotics; conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute cocaine

Defendant in custody

Assistant U.S. Attorney Mark V. Courtade

Phone: (616) 456-2404

Email: mark.courtade@usdoj.gov


Three years in prison for identity theft

By Greg Peterson

(Grand Rapids, MI) – Pedro Enrique Sanchez Pupo was sentenced to 37 months in prison on Jan.25, 2017 by Chief U.S. District Court Judge Robert J. Jonker for aggravated identity theft crimes committed in 2015 in Kent County, MI:
In plea agreement, Pupo pleaded guilty to count one of the indictment conspiracy to commit wire fraud. Her will serve his time – three years and a month- in a federal prison in Florida near his family.

Date of last filing: 01/28/2017

Pedro Enrique Sanchez Pupo

Filed: 12/01/2015

Kent County

Count: 1 Citation: 18:1349.F Offense Level: 4

18:1349, 18:1343

Attempt and conspiracy to commit fraud; conspiracy

Count: 2 citation: 18:1029a.f offense level: 4

18:1029(a)(3), 18:1029(c)(1)(a)(i), 18:2

Produces/traffics in counterfeit device; access device fraud

Count: 3 citation: 18:1028a.f offense level: 4

18:1028a(a)(1), 18:1028a(c)(4), (5), 18:1028a(b), 18:2

Fraud with identification documents; aggravated identity theft

Defendant in Custody

Federal Prosecutor:

Assistant U.S. Attorney Hagen W. Frank

Phone: (616) 456-2404

Email: hagen.frank@usdoj.gov



Ten years – 121 months in prison for distributing coke and heroin

By Greg Peterson

(Grand Rapids, MI) – One of the defendants in major heroin ring was sentenced to just over ten years in federal prison on Jan. 24, 2017 by U.S. District Court Judge Paul L. Maloney for distributing heroin and cocaine during Jan. 2016 in Kent County, MI.

Mario Cruz pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to possess narcotics; conspiracy to possess and distribute cocaine and heroin.

No parole in federal prison, and will be under three years supervised release when let out in a decade.

Case Summary

1:16-cr-00036-PLM-3 USA v. Hairston et al

Date filed: 02/25/2016

Date of last filing: 01/24/2017

Mario Cruz

Filed: 02/25/2016

Kent County

Other Court Case: 1:16-cr-169 Related Case

Count: 1 citation: 21:846=np.f offense level: 4

21:846, 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(a)(i) and (ii), 21:841(b)(1)(c)

Conspiracy to possess narcotics; conspiracy to possess and distribute cocaine and heroin

Count: 2 citation: 21:846=nd.f offense level: 4

21:846, 21:841(a)(1), 21:841(b)(1)(a)(i) and (ii), 21:841(b)(1)(c)

Conspiracy to distribute narcotics; conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute cocaine and heroin

Defendant in custody

Federal prosecutor:

Assistant U.S. Attorney Mark V. Courtade

Email: mark.courtade at usdoj.gov



Read about the fancinating reign of a tough federal judge – who was feared by all the big time evil doers in the Upper Peninsula:

https://www.justice.gov/usao-wdmi/pr/2017_0126_Bacon

https://www.apnews.com/cb2f330cae944accaeac06e0be6b56c2

http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2016/10/federal_judge_robert_holmes_be.html

http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2016/11/towering_figure_robert_holmes.html

http://www.mlive.com/living/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2011/02/profile_us_district_court_judg.html

http://www.miwd.uscourts.gov/judges-info/judge-robert-h-bell

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Holmes_Bell

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U.P. Breaking News Exclusive: Nearly $250,000 ripped off from the child disability fund of the U.S. Railroad Retirement Board – Thief from Flint, MI area given slap on wrist by otherwise tough federal judge who was even shot last year

Railroad Child Disability Payments Major Theft – But Minor Sentence: Probation

Scroll down to see the documents and listen to rare federal court audio of the case

 

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Quarter Million Dollar Big Northern Michigan Railroad Ripoff: June Ann McClure gets probation in huge railroad child disability program three-decade scheme in which she stole nearly 250 thousand dollars

By Greg Peterson

Owner, News Director

U.P. Breaking News

906-273-2433

(Bay City, MI) – A Flint, MI woman has received a slap on the wrist from a federal judge after pleading guilty to “theft of government funds” in a northern Michigan courtroom as the mastermind of a three-decade scheme that federal prosecutors say ripped off about a quarter of a million dollars in disability annuity payments for children of railroad workers.

In a quiet sentencing that was not reported by the media, 58-year-old June Ann McClure of Flint, MI could have received up to 10 years in federal prison and sentencing guidelines put her estimated prison time at 12 to 18 months, but instead was given two-years probation under a plea agreement with federal prosecutors.

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Oddly, the “date of imposition of judgment” was listed as July 14, 2016 by U.S. District Court Judge Terrence G. Berg but the federal paperwork on the “judgment” was not filed for public viewing until August 2, 2016. In fact, the sentencing apparently escaped the notice of all the Michigan media despite the amount of money stolen.

When a person admits their crime and takes full responsibility and cooperates with federal prosecutors the cases are often dealt with leniency.

Editors note about the otherwise tough judge in this case:

Judge Berg was shot in the leg outside his Detroit home in March 2015 during an armed robbery – however he was not able to positively identify the only suspect – a 23-year-old man who was found not guilty of shooting the judge in May of this year – but was convicted in connection with a related crime spree.

Under the “Rule 11” 24-page plea agreement, McClure waived indictment by a federal grand jury and pleaded guilty on March 17, 2016 to a one-count felony information.

McClure stole nearly $248,000 of benefit payments, according to the plea agreement. And while she must make restitution, court records indicate it will be at the molasses slow rate of $75 per month.

McClure can not “unlawfully possess a controlled substance” and “shall refrain from any unlawful use of a controlled substance,” the judge ruled as part of sentencing. The court suspended its order that McClure submit to drug tests because she “poses a low risk of future substance abuse.”

Federal documents state the crimes took place inside Genesee County in Flint, MI

June Ann McClure is accused of theft of government money for stealing cash between June 13, 1986 through Oct. 31, 2014 involving “money from the U.S. Railroad Retirement Board (RRB), a department or agency of the United States,” according to federal charging and arrest related documents.

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“Namely, the U.S. Railroad Retirement Board Child Disability Payments to which she knew she was not entitled,” the federal felony criminal complaint states.

On Nov. 26, 1984, McClure “applied for and started receiving Railroad Retirement Board Child Disability payments” from the U.S. RRB

“McClure had a continuous obligation to report if she married and if she performed any type of work or had any earnings,” the plea agreement states. “McClure was aware that if she married, or returned to work and held a job, and accurately reported it, her entitlement to child disability annuity payments would end.”

On June 13, 1986 McClure married “but she failed to report it to the RRB,” the plea agreement states. “Had she reported it, her child disability annuity payments would have stopped on the first day of the month during which she got married.”

“During the years of 1992 through 1998, 2005 through 2007, and 2012” McClure “performed work and obtained earnings, but she failed to report them to the RRB,” the plea agreement explains. Between June 1, 1986 when she got married until October 31, 2014, “when her crime was discovered and payments ceased” McClure “knowingly received and converted to her own use” and “deprive the RRB of $247,971.62 “worth of RRB child disability annuity benefits to which she knew she was not entitled.”

She was ordered to stay away from casinos.

Federal prosecutors noted that McClure fully cooperated with the investigation and the plea agreement forgoes the cost of an expensive trial in federal court.

Until the debt is repair, McClure “shall report promptly all windfalls, such as inheritances and lottery winnings of $500 or more” to her federal probation officer.

In June 2013, McClure received a 30-day jail sentence and a $275 fine for driving with a suspended license, the plea agreement notes.

The charges were filed on February 9, 2016 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, Southern Division.

McClure “knowingly and willingly stole and converted to her own use – or the use of another – money” of the U.S RRB headquartered in Chicago, federal prosecutors say.

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Federal court audio file of June McClure

According to Wikipedia:

The U.S. Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) is an independent agency in the executive branch of the United States government created in 1935 to administer a social insurance program providing retirement benefits to the country’s railroad workers.

The RRB serves U.S. railroad workers and their families, and administers retirement, survivor, unemployment, and sickness benefits. Consequently, railroad workers do not participate in the United States Social Security program.

The RRB’s headquarters are in Chicago, Illinois, with field offices throughout the country.

Related links and info:

judge-berg

U.S. District Court Judge Terrence G. Berg

https://www.mied.uscourts.gov/index.cfm?pageFunction=chambers&judgeid=37

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrence_G._Berg

http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/metro-detroit/2015/03/05/us-district-judge-shot-detroit/24478069/

http://www.freep.com/story/news/2016/05/24/jury-finds-suspect-not-guilty-shooting-judge/84853760/

http://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/wayne/2016/05/10/federal-judge-shot-opening-statement/84158176/

U.S. Magistrate Judge Stephanie Dawkins Davis

https://www.mied.uscourts.gov/index.cfm?pageFunction=chambers&judgeid=30

https://www.mied.uscourts.gov/PDFFIles/PressRelease101515.pdf

https://www.linkedin.com/in/stephanie-dawkins-davis-3aa65087

https://www.justice.gov/usao-edmi/office-moves-us-attorney-s-office

Barbara L. McQuade, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan

https://www.justice.gov/usao/district/edmi

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbara_L._McQuade

http://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/detroit/2015/08/22/barbara-mcquade-us-attorney-profile/32213953/

https://law.udmercy.edu/udm/index.php/30-news/news-archive/461-barbara-l-mcquade

http://www.investigativeproject.org/documents/case_docs/3022.pdf

Asst. U.S. Attorney Anca I. Pop (P70032)

https://fbamich.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Spring-2013-FBA-Newsletter.pdf

http://www.michigansthumb.com/news/article/Former-workermisappropriates-postal-funds-7289395.php

https://archives.fbi.gov/archives/phoenix/press-releases/2011/pascua-yaqui-tribal-member-sentenced-toeight-years-in-prison-for-abusive-sexual-contact

Asst. U.S. Attorney Anthony P. Vance

Asst. U.S. Attorney Craig F. Wininger (P57058)

101 First St., Suite 200

Bay City, MI 48708

909-895-5712

anca.pop@usdoj.gov

defense-attorney-sarah-ellis

Defense Attorney Sarah L. Ellis

http://www.davisonlegal.com/index-1.html

https://www.facebook.com/davisonlegal

Other crimes against the U.S. RRB/and other related offenses

U.S. Department of Justice/U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York

For Immediate Release/Friday, April 4, 2014

Former U.S. Railroad Retirement Board Representative Sentenced In Manhattan Federal Court To Five Years In Prison For Her Role In LIRR Fraud Scheme

https://www.justice.gov/usao-sdny/pr/former-us-railroad-retirement-board-representative-sentenced-manhattan-federal-court

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/02/nyregion/600-long-island-rail-road-retirees-lose-disability-pay-in-us-inquiry.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1

https://www.rrb.gov/opa/agency_overview.asp

https://www.dol.gov/olms/regs/compliance/enforce_2012.htm

https://www.dol.gov/olms/regs/compliance/enforce_2013.htm

https://www.dol.gov/olms/regs/compliance/enforce_2014.htm

https://www.dol.gov/olms/regs/compliance/enforce_2015.htm

https://www.dol.gov/olms/regs/compliance/enforce_2016.htm

http://search.usa.gov/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&affiliate=OLMS&query=Criminal+Enforcement+Actions+2015&x=0&y=0

U.S. Railroad Retirement Board Child Disability Payments

https://www.rrb.gov/pdf/PandS/RB-19a.pdf

https://www.rrb.gov/forms/opa/ib2/ib2_ret.asp

https://www.rrb.gov/forms/opa/ib2/ib2_ann_components.asp

https://www.rrb.gov/general/handbook/chapter2.asp

http://benefitslink.com/modperl/qa.cgi?db=qa_railroad_retirement

http://benefitslink.com/m/qa.cgi?db=qa_railroad_retirement&n=1184

http://benefitslink.com/m/qa.cgi?db=qa_railroad_retirement&n=1157

u-s-railroad-retirement-board-banner-2u-s-railroad-retirement-board-banner

U.S. Railroad Retirement Board

https://secure.rrb.gov

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railroad_Retirement_Board

http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/184.html

https://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/ssb/v68n2/v68n2p41.html

http://www.up.com/employee/retirees/benefits/rrb_benefits/

http://greenbook.waysandmeans.house.gov/sites/greenbook.waysandmeans.house.gov/files/2012/documents/RS22350_gb.pdf

http://www.feedblitz.com/f/?Sub=554795

U.S. Railroad Retirement Board

844 North Rush Street

Chicago IL, 60611-1275

877-772-5772 (Toll free)

312-751-4701 (TTY)

312-751-4300 (Directory)

Office of Inspector General Fraud, Waste, and Abuse Hotline

https://www.rrb.gov/OIG/hotline.asp

https://www.rrb.gov/pdf/oig/OnlineComplaint.pdf

If you believe someone is illegally receiving Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) benefits or you wish to report or discuss any suspected misconduct relating to the RRB, its programs or employees, please contact the Office of Inspector General (OIG).

The OIG encourages individuals who are reporting fraud or misconduct to provide their contact information so that we may obtain additional information if necessary. If you choose to remain anonymous, the absence of your contact information may limit our ability to conduct a complete investigation.

In accordance with the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, OIG will keep identifying source information confidential unless such disclosure is unavoidable during the course of the investigation. However, if you wish to provide information without disclosing your identity you may do so utilizing any of the methods of contacting us that are listed above.

Report U.S. RRB Fraud:

1-800-772-4258

Weekdays 8 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. CST Excludes Federal Holidays

RRB-OIG Hotline Officer

844 North Rush Street, 4th Floor

Chicago, IL 60611-1275

(312) 751-4342 (fax)

hotline@oig.rrb.gov

18 U.S. Code § 641 Theft of Government Money

https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/641

https://www.justice.gov/usam/criminal-resource-manual-1638-embezzlement-government-property-18-usc-641

https://www.justice.gov/usam/criminal-resource-manual-1661-protection-government-property-embezzlement-public-funds

http://www3.ce9.uscourts.gov/jury-instructions/node/497

https://www.wklaw.com/stealing-government-property/

https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/granule/USCODE-2011-title18/USCODE-2011-title18-partI-chap31-sec641

Rule 11 Federal Plea Agreements: 623. Pleas—Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11

https://www.justice.gov/usam/criminal-resource-manual-623-pleas-federal-rule-criminal-procedure-11

https://www.fd.org/docs/select-topics/pleas/making-your-deal-with-the-devil-plea-agreements-under-the-federal-rules-federal-sentencing-guidelines-and-department-of-justice-policies.pdf?sfvrsn=4

https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/frcrmp/rule_11

https://www.justice.gov/file/507506/download

http://finchmccranie.com/table-of-contents-3/v-plea-bargaining/a-plea-bargaining-and-rule-11/

https://www.justice.gov/usam/criminal-resource-manual-623-pleas-federal-rule-criminal-procedure-11

Railroad info:
https://www.rrb.gov/blaw/bcd/bcd04-64.html